p27Kip1 (p27) influences cell division by regulating nuclear cyclin- dependent kinases. Before binding, p27 is at least partially disordered and folds upon binding its Cdk/cyclin targets. 30-40% of human proteins, including p27, are predicted to contain disordered segments, and have been termed intrinsically unstructured proteins (IUPs). Unfortunately, the inherent dynamics of IUPs hamper detailed analysis of their structure/ function relationships. Here, we describe the use of molecular dynamics (MD) computations and solution NMR spectroscopy to reveal that several segments of the p27 kinase inhibitory domain (p27-KID), in addition to the previously characterized helical segment, exist as highly populated, intrinsically folded structural units (IFSUs). Several IFSUs resemble structural features of bound p27-KID, while another exhibits alternative conformations. Interestingly, the highly conserved, specificity determining segment of p27 is shown to be highly disordered. Elucidation of IFSUs within p27-KID allows consideration of their influences on the thermo- dynamics and kinetics of Cdk/cyclin binding. The degree to which IFSUs are populated within p27-KID is surprising and suggests that other putative IUPs contain IFSUs that may be studied using similar techniques.
|Protein name:||p27 Kip1|
|Expressed in:||Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3)|
|Number of residues:||69|
|Theoretic molecular weight:||8370.3|
|Theoretic isoelectric point:||5.16|
|Sequence range (relative to UniProt):||25-93|